Title: Factors associated with Bacterial Vaginosis in Women of reproductive Age in rural Northeast Brazil: A Case Control Study
Author: Schmieta, Dörte
Institution: Institute of Tropical Medicine and International Health, Berlin
Graduate date: 2010-04-21 (W3C-DTF)
Document: Schmieta_Abstract_2010.doc
Bacterial vaginosis (BV) is one of the most common abnormal vaginal conditions in women of reproductive age and characterised by a loss of acid producing lactobacillus spp and overgrowth of anaerobic and other microorganisms. Associations with adverse health outcomes, such as pelvic inflammatory disease, pre-term delivery, post operative pelvic infections and increased STI/HIV acquisition have been reported. The prevalence of BV ranges from eight to 65%, depending on the setting and the population studied.The aetiology of BV remains poorly understood. Known risk factors are early age at sexual debut, promiscuity and unprotected intercourse. Low socio-economic status, psychological stress, low estrogen levels and vaginal douching have been associated with BV. Women of African ethnicity tend to have a higher prevalence of BV than other ethnic groups. A high BV prevalence had been reported from a rural area in Northeast Brazil, which motivated the presented investigation. To identify potential risk factors, such as sexual behaviour, genital hygiene practises or threadworm infection (enterobiais) in that area, a case control study was performed.
Classification: 2010 (LCSH)
Language: English
Date Of Record Creation: 2013-07-05 03:21:55 (W3C-DTF)
Date Of Record Release: 2013-07-05 03:23:37 (W3C-DTF)
Date Last Modified: 2013-07-05 03:24:03 (W3C-DTF)

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